Disease PreventionTooth decay also described as dental caries is a extreme infectious illness, which fully damages the construction of the enamel. Thrombosis is a serious circulatory illness affecting thousands, normally older persons undergoing surgical procedures, ladies taking oral contraceptives and travelers. This portion of the chapter discusses existing federal surveys that present data related to well being promotion and disease prevention for the final population and for the elderly.

Life-style changes which will scale back the risk of colorectal most cancers embrace growing consumption of whole grains, vegatables and fruits, and decreasing consumption of purple meat (see Colorectal cancer ). Illness prevention includes actions to cut back or get rid of exposure to dangers which may improve the chances that an individual or group will incur illness, disability, or untimely loss of life.

Although efforts have typically been targeted at younger persons, there may be growing evidence that this method is each applicable and feasible for these age sixty five and over (Office of Know-how Evaluation, 1985b). Both the Nationwide Health Interview Survey and the Nationwide Well being and Nutrition Examination Surveys would be good automobiles for health promotion and illness prevention items and modules for the overall population and for the aged.

Well being promotion and illness prevention are a serious rising theme in geriatric medicine and health care generally. Well being promotion is the method of empowering individuals to extend control over their well being and its determinants via well being literacy efforts and multisectoral motion to extend healthy behaviors.

A associated problem is the need for increased data of the components that facilitate attitude and conduct change among the inhabitants as a whole and amongst segments of it, together with the aged (Franks et al., 1983; Sanazaro, 1985). Estimates of the numbers of such personnel and their health promotion and illness prevention actions should be ascertained.